Registration of FIRs

The First Information Report (FIR) is construed as the earliest communication or intimation of a crime to the state agency, to set an investigation in motion. Such information irrespective of its brevity or length has to convey the relevant information pertaining to the nature and place of occurrence including description of the victim of violence.

The object of section 154 of Cr.P.C 1898 is to set the criminal law in motion, for the purposes of investigation, to collect evidence for tracing and bringing the culprits to justice.

First information report is very important in criminal trial. In final decision of criminal case, the first information report plays an important role.

Essential ingredients of FIR

The following are the essential ingredients of FIR:

  1. Commission of cognizable offence;
  2. The FIR should be in writing and signed by person giving this information;
  3. A report in daily diary of police station is recorded prior to registration of FIR;
  4. Number, time and date of such report are specially mentioned in column 1 of FIR.

Who can Lodge FIR?

The FIR can be lodged by any person who has the knowledge of an offence committed.